There's something for everyone in the Eternal City. Rome is one of the most-visited capitals in Europe, and for good reason.
If you're into your ancient Romans - and even if you're not - you should make a point of seeing the Coliseum. There's also the Roman Forum, and many other historic sites. Classical junkies may want to do a specialist Roman tour, or you can simply wander the city visiting a mixture of both sights from this era and other fantastic Roman art and architectural gems.
Rome is a history-lover's paradise, with a treasure trove of archaeological gems around nearly ever corner. The most iconic symbol of Rome is the Colosseum, built in A.D. 72. The Colosseum was Rome's greatest amphitheatre, where massive crowds of spectators gathered to watch the gladiators. The Roman Forum was the heart of ancient Rome's political, legal, and religious life.
Today, the Forum contains the ruins of several temples, basilicas, and markets and is, along with the Colosseum, one of Rome's most popular attractions. The Pantheon is a magnificent temple built to honor the Roman gods. Visitors come from all over the world to marvel at the impressive dome, marble floors, and tomb of Raphael.
Rome boasts some of the world's most beautiful churches and basilicas, each one more stunning than the last. The most famous of these churches is St. Peter's, located in the tiny city-state of the Vatican. The enormous St. Peter's Square (Piazza San Pietro) attracts thousands of pilgrims on Sundays and religious occasions, when the pope makes blessings from his balcony.
The symmetry of the piazza can be admired from atop the dome. Inside, visitors are treated to a visual feast. The dramatic dome, designed by Michelangelo, has made many a jaw drop. A number of magnificent monuments and sculptures, including Michelangelo's famed Pietà, are scattered throughout the sanctuary. The Vatican's other main attractions are the Vatican Museums and the Castel Sant' Angelo.
The Vatican Museums are home to some of the world's most impressive works of art, as well as the famous Sistine Chapel. The Castel Sant' Angelo has served many purposes since its construction in A.D. 139; originally, it was part of the city wall, but it it has also served as a medieval citadel and prison and a residence of the popes.
Rome has several awe-inspiring public squares and fountains. No visitor should leave the city without seeking out Trevi Fountain and the Spanish Steps.
Getting around Rome is easy with its network of public buses, trams, taxis, and metro. Pedestrians should be extra cautious when trying to navigate amongst the heavy traffic.
Italy is a member of the European Union. The official currency is the Euro.
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The team at Rome eGuide very much hope that you enjoy your Rome holidays and have a wonderful time in Rome.
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